The Golden Rule

Some "Ethic of Reciprocity" passages from the religious texts of various religions and secular beliefs:

bullet Brahmanism: "This is the sum of Dharma [duty]: Do naught unto others which would cause you pain if done to you". Mahabharata, 5:1517 "
bullet Buddhism
bullet "…a state that is not pleasing or delightful to me, how could I inflict that upon another?" Samyutta NIkaya v. 353 
bullet Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful." Udana-Varga 5:18
bullet Christianity
bullet "Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets." Matthew 7:12, King James Version.
bullet "And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise." Luke 6:31, King James Version.
bullet "…and don't do what you hate…", Gospel of Thomas 6. The Gospel of Thomas is one of about 40 gospels that were widely accepted among early Christians, but which never made it into the Christian Scriptures (New Testament).
bullet Confucianism:
bullet "Do not do to others what you do not want them to do to you" Analects 15:23
bullet "Tse-kung asked, 'Is there one word that can serve as a principle of conduct for life?' Confucius replied, 'It is the word 'shu'—reciprocity. Do not impose on others what you yourself do not desire.'" Doctrine of the Mean 13.3
bullet "Try your best to treat others as you would wish to be treated yourself, and you will find that this is the shortest way to benevolence." Mencius VII.A.4
bullet Ancient Egyptian:
bullet "Do for one who may do for you, that you may cause him thus to do." The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant, 109 - 110 Translated by R.B. Parkinson. The original dates to 1970 to 1640 BCE and may be the earliest version ever written.
bullet Hinduism
bullet "One should not behave towards others in a way which is disagreeable to oneself." Mencius Vii.A.4 
bullet Humanism:
bullet "(5) Humanists acknowledge human interdependence, the need for mutual respect and the kinship of all humanity."
bullet"(11) Humanists affirm that individual and social problems can only be resolved by means of human reason, intelligent effort, critical thinking joined with compassion and a spirit of empathy for all living beings. "
bullet "Don't do things you wouldn't want to have done to you, British Humanist Society.
bullet Islam: "None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself." Number 13 of Imam "Al-Nawawi's Forty Hadiths."
bullet Jainism
bullet "Therefore, neither does he [a sage] cause violence to others nor does he make others do so." Acarangasutra 5.101-2. 
bullet "In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all creatures as we regard our own self." Lord Mahavira, 24th Tirthankara
bullet "A man should wander about treating all creatures as he himself would be treated. "Sutrakritanga 1.11.33
bullet Judaism
bullet "…thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.", Leviticus 19:18 
bullet "What is hateful to you, do not to your fellow man. This is the law: all the rest is commentary." Talmud, Shabbat 31a.
bullet "And what you hate, do not do to any one." Tobit 4:15
bullet Native American Spirituality:
bullet "Respect for all life is the foundation." The Great Law of Peace.
bullet "All things are our relatives; what we do to everything, we do to ourselves. All is really One." Black Elk
bullet "Do not wrong or hate your neighbor. For it is not he who you wrong, but yourself." Pima proverb.
bullet Roman Pagan Religion: "The law imprinted on the hearts of all men is to love the members of society as themselves."
bullet Shinto
bullet "The heart of the person before you is a mirror. See there your own form"
bullet "Be charitable to all beings, love is the representative of God." Ko-ji-ki Hachiman Kasuga
bullet Sikhism
bullet Compassion-mercy and religion are the support of the entire world". Japji Sahib
bullet "Don't create enmity with anyone as God is within everyone." Guru Arjan Devji 259
bullet "No one is my enemy, none a stranger and everyone is my friend." Guru Arjan Dev : AG 1299
bullet Sufism: "The basis of Sufism is consideration of the hearts and feelings of others. If you haven't the will to gladden someone's heart, then at least beware lest you hurt someone's heart, for on our path, no sin exists but this." Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh, Master of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order.
bullet Taoism:
bullet "Regard your neighbor's gain as your own gain, and your neighbor's loss as your own loss." T'ai Shang Kan Ying P'ien.
bullet "The sage has no interest of his own, but takes the interests of the people as his own. He is kind to the kind; he is also kind to the unkind: for Virtue is kind. He is faithful to the faithful; he is also faithful to the unfaithful: for Virtue is faithful." Tao Teh Ching, Chapter 49
bullet Unitarian: "We affirm and promote respect for the interdependent of all existence of which we are a part." Unitarian principles.
bullet Wicca: "An it harm no one, do what thou wilt" (i.e. do what ever you will, as long as it harms nobody, including yourself). One's will is to be carefully thought out in advance of action. This is called the Wiccan Rede
bullet Yoruba: (Nigeria): "One going to take a pointed stick to pinch a baby bird should first try it on himself to feel how it hurts."
bullet Zoroastrianism
bullet "That nature alone is good which refrains from doing unto another whatsoever is not good for itself". Dadistan-i-dinik 94:5
bullet "Whatever is disagreeable to yourself do not do unto others." Shayast-na-Shayast 13:29
bullet Epictetus: "What you would avoid suffering yourself, seek not to impose on others." (circa 100 CE)
bullet Kant: "Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal law of nature."
bullet Plato: "May I do to others as I would that they should do unto me." (Greece; 4th century BCE)
bullet Socrates: "Do not do to others that which would anger you if others did it to you." (Greece; 5th century BCE)
bullet Seneca: "Treat your inferiors as you would be treated by your superiors," Epistle 47:11 (Rome; 1st century CE)

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" … It’s depressing that there are a kazillion ways to cause pain to others—the kind of pain that grows and festers and turns evil and nasty.

"Then, its tentacles reach out and infect still more people. Generations of the same family, and even communities, can suffer before the cycle is broken—if it ever is. Sometimes the people involved just self-destruct, or—rarely—they ignore the hurt done to them or defeat it. Sometimes the evil explodes and the whole community, or the world, is forced into facing an issue and fixing it. None of it is easy and it doesn’t happen overnight.

"The golden rule—treat others the way you want to be treated—deals with halting the spread of evil. This advice, found in cultures around the world in one form or other, calls on us to think before we act. It requires us to put ourselves in another’s shoes, to experience in our imaginations the results of our treatment of another, to be kind, to be patient. It might work, if we can get over the notion that rules are made to be broken.

"But, if evil can spread and grow, so can goodness. And it’s up to all of us to plant it—a seed here, a seed there, and nourish it along.

"Everything we do makes a difference.

"It’s a no-brainer: it will be a better world if we do good things.
Monica Graham is a freelance writer living in rural Pictou County."

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The words may be different, but "golden rule" is the same.
By Gayle White Cox News Service

Most major religions of the world have at least one thing in common: the "golden rule." Many Americans grow up learning it as "Do unto others as you would have them do unto you."

BAHÁI: The Bahái faith is identified with a man who took the name Baháu'llah, which means "Glory of God" in Persian. This religion is less than 200 years old. It claims 6.9 million followers in more than 200 countries and territories. People of the Bahái faith believe in one God, who has many messengers.
"Choose for thy neighbor that which thou choosest for thyself."

BUDDHISM: Buddha means "the awakened one" in Sanskrit, an ancient language of India. The title was given to Siddhartha Gautama, who was born about 566 B.C. into a royal family in what is now Nepal. Buddhism teaches that Buddha suddenly realized the secrets of the universe while he sat under a bodhi tree meditating. Buddha did not claim to be divine and did not point to any god. There are 356 million Buddhists worldwide.
"Hurt not others in ways that you yourself would find hurtful."

CHRISTIANITY Christianity was founded 2,000 years ago by the followers of Jesus, a Jewish man born in Palestine. The calendar most people use today dates from the time of his birth. Christians believe Jesus is God's son. They teach that he was crucified, or nailed to a cross, to die for everyone's sins and that he rose from the dead and is in heaven. One of every three people in the world is Christian.
"In everything, do to others as you would have them do to you."

CONFUCIANISM When the K'ung family, which was living in what is now the Shantung province of China, had a baby boy about 551 B. C., they named him Ch'iu. Later, his followers called him K'ung Fu-tzy, or K'ung the Master. In the West, he is known as Confucius. He became a teacher of arts and mathematics. He also emphasized the need for harmony and order in society. His teachings were passed down through generations in China and other parts of Asia. The World Almanac estimates the number of Confucianists at 6.2 million today.
"Try your best to treat others as you would wish to be treated yourself."

HINDUISM Hinduism cannot be traced to a single founder. It evolved over thousands of years in India. Most of the world's 800 million Hindus still live in India, but many now live in the United States. Hindus generally accept that there is one supreme god, but they worship that god in a variety of forms. These include Vishnu, the protector of the universe; Brahma, who is in charge of creation; and Shiva, the destroyer.
"Do naught to others which, if done to thee, would cause thee pain: This is the sum of duty."

ISLAM Followers of Islam are known as Muslims. They believe in God, whom they call Allah. The religion claims roots going back to Ibrahim (Abraham) of the Bible. Islam's founder was Hadhrat Muhammad, who was born in Saudi Arabia about 570 and died in 632. There are 1.1 billion Muslims, who believe Muhammad received messages from God. So many followers of Islam have named their children in his honor that more people have the name Muhammad than any other name in the world.
"Not one of you is a believer until he desires for his brother what he desires for himself."

JAINISM Jainism takes its name from the word "jinas," which means conquerors. The title doesn't refer to military conquering, but to victory over the cycles of life. The religion began in northeastern India during the sixth century B. C. with a man known as Mahavira, or "Great Hero." Jains do not believe in a supreme being or god. The world's 4 million Jains are known for their respect for all creatures - with good deeds toward insects among the things considered worthy of praise.
"One should treat all beings as he himself would be treated."

JUDAISM Jews consider Abraham, a shepherd who lived 4,000 years ago, as the first Jew. Abraham is considered the first to have recognized and worshipped the one God, Yahweh. They believe God created the universe and requires people to live morally and ethically. The 10 Commandments are the basic rules of Judaism, which claims 14 million followers worldwide.
"What is hateful to you, do not do to your fellow man."

SIKHISM A spiritual teacher named Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism. He was born in the Punjab region of India in 1469. He said all people are equal in the view of the divine. There are 23 million Sikhs worldwide.
"Treat others as you would be treated yourself."