"And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

"Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them.

"And Moses by the commandment of the LORD sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel.

"And these were their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur.

"Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori.

"Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.

"Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph.

"Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun.

"Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu.

"Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi.

"Of the tribe of Joseph, namely, of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi.

"Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli.

"Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael.

"Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi.

"Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi.

"These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua."
—Numbers 13:1-16

"But charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which thou shalt see."
Deuteronomy 3:28

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"But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell."
—Numbers 33:55